Lucia loves her dogs
Tara likes Elephants and Giraffes
Hi! This is what we've learned and have been learning for the past 3 years. We have spent a lot of time making this page and we hope you enjoy reading this!
There are a bunch of wetlands all around the world. Today there will be three different types of wetlands that we are writing about. They are Marshes, Swamps and Bogs. Note: there are more types of wetlands these are only some.
Marshes are mostly in the USA but some are elsewhere. Many of the marshes are freshwater although when they are brackish or alkaline it usually means that it is poorly drained. Marshes are mostly shallow. Marshes near rivers, lakes or ponds have sand, silt and/or clay on the bottom. Marshes along the coast also buffer the seas and slow erosion. While lily pads, cattails, reeds, smooth cordgrass, spikegrass, salt meadow rush and bulrushes are up on top of the water. Marshes are home to mammals such as minks, otters and muskrats. One reason there is so much life is because there is so much nutrients. This is why marshes are the most productive ecosystem on earth.
There are two types of bogs written about here. first is northern bogs and second is pocosin. Most Northern Bogs form in Glacial lakes and have usually low temperatures and short growing seasons Northern Bogs have some open water but, the peats cause the water to be acidic. There are many plants and animals that live in the Northern Bogs. A few of the plants are cranberry, blueberry, cotton grass, sphagnum moss, pine trees, northern picher. These plants are also home to many animals. These are some of the animals: moose, deer, lynx, Great Sandhill crane and Great Gray owl these are some animals that live in the Northern Bogs. Pocosin is a native american name for swamp on a hill. Many Pocosins are found on the Alantic coastal plains from Virgina to northern Florida and some are found in North Carolina. Some plants found in Pocosins are evergreen trees and sweet bay and many more. Usually the is no or not very much standing water in pocosins.
Swamps come in all shapes and sizes, but to make it easier there are two categories. One is Forested Swamp and the other is Shrub Swamp. First is Forested Swamp. Forested Swamps are found in most places in the US. These swamps are VERY wet and have shallow water most of the time. Wood ducks, river otters and cottonmouth snakes all depend on swamps. Some trees in Forested Swamps are red maple, pin oak, cypress, willow and western hemlock. Now for the the Shrub Swamps. These swamps aren't much different but they have mostly shrubs instead of trees. Some plants that live here are buttonbush, willow, dogwood and swamp rose.
Hope you learned a lot bye!
By Lucia and Tara